Acne is one of the leading problems when it comes to skincare issues in men and women. Acne is caused when the pores of the skin accumulate sebum, dead skin cells, and other dirt and grease. This collection is further attacked by germs and bacterias which feed on the dead skin cells and the natural oils making the case worse.
Acne can be a combination of just dead skin accumulation or getting infected and accumulating pus. Acne usually leaves behind scars that require acne scar treatment as they are quite difficult to remove from the face, especially in the case of nodules and cystic acne.
Either way, acne is a difficult skin issue that most people face as there is no sure shot way to completely stay away from acne and the impending acne scars. Good skincare, a good lifestyle coupled with good skincare products can sometimes help, but in many cases, acne is unavoidable.
Acne and Acne Scars
Acne is a skin abnormality that is caused by excess facial oil getting entangled in the pores of the skin along with dead skin cells. Based on the level of accumulation of facial oils and dead skin cells, acne can be of different types such as Blackheads, Whiteheads, Nodules, Pustules, and Cystic Acne.
Of the 5 types, nodules, pustules, and cystic acne is caused by infection due to the attack of germs causing the skin to become red, irritated, inflamed, and filled with pus. This, therefore, causes the acne to leave behind a scar which can be extremely difficult to get rid of.
Acne scars are caused when the acne dries up naturally or when some people pick on the acne and cause it to burst open. When the acne dries up naturally, there is a better chance for acne scars to fade away naturally although in most cases they may require treatment. But in some cases where the acne is disturbed and made to pop, the scar is much more prominent and requires acne scar treatment.
Acne Scar Treatment
Acne scar treatment is one of the most popular ways to get rid of acne scars these days. These treatments are offered in many skin clinics by expert dermatologists. Below are some of the best treatment methods offered by these clinics:
Chemical peels use a combination of exfoliants such as Lactic Acid, Glycolic Acid, and other Vitamin A derivatives that help in the gentle removal of the epidermal skin, thereby eliminating the acne layer and the infection on the forefront.
Microdermabrasion consists of techniques that involve sanding off of the upper layer of the skin using a coarse-textured device so as to exfoliate the acne-prone skin and reveal better skin underneath. This technique is also done with the use of Dermaroller or derma pens.
There are many laser-based techniques such as CO2 laser beam, Erbium glass laser, etc that help in using the laser light to create small wounds on the surface of the skin which trigger the production of collagen, that helps in resurfacing the facial skin and fills the acne scars with fresh skin cells.
PRP – Platelet Rich Plasma
This technique uses the transfer of plasma from the rest of the body into the skin, especially in the soft areas of the face such as under the eyes, to help fill out the scars naturally.